Modern Research about Cannabis-Types of CBD: What to know

Modern Research about Cannabis-Types of CBD: What to know

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound found in the cannabis plant. There are various types of CBD available, including full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. Many companies have also started to sell CBD oils, gummies, topicals, and other forms of CBD for a wide range of potential uses.

Black and white photo of different types of CBD products on cannabis leaf, isoalted over green background

The following article details the known information about CBD, the main types available, product options, and health considerations.

Product list
Types of CBD

CBD is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not produce a high feeling after use.

Learn more about the differences between CBD and THC here.

Companies that manufacture CBD products use different methods to extract the compound from the plant. The varying diffusions result in a range of CBD types.

There are three types of CBD, containing different compounds and concentrations:

According to researchTrusted Source, both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD can produce clinical responses when people use them. The results may not be due strictly to CBD. Instead, a person may experience what is known as the entourage effect; this occurs when several compounds combine to cause clinical effects. As such, CBD products may only work because of a combination of compounds from different ingredients.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)Trusted Source warns that a person should consider the potential risks before using CBD for any reason. For example, people who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid THC.

Federal law allows the use of CBD containing less than 0.3% THC. However, not all states allow the sale of CBD. A person should check their local laws before obtaining CBD.

The FDA does not regulate any other claims of benefits. It states that several CBD products make misleading claims about the use of their products. People should use caution before ordering any type of CBD. The FDA can investigate health claims and safety concerns.

A person should look for independently tested products. Some companies provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA), which shows what is in the supplements.

 

Is CBD legal? Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC are legal federally but still illegal under some state laws. Marijuana-derived CBD products, on the other hand, are illegal federally but legal under some state laws. Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved nonprescription CBD products, which may be inaccurately labeled.

Forms of CBD products

CBD products come in three different forms. The main types of CBD products include:

CBD is also available in many other forms, including capsules and pills, vaping liquid, mist sprays, and more. Some companies also produce CBD products for pets.

Below are product options for different forms and types of CBD.

Please note that the writer of this article has not tried these products. All information presented is purely research-based.

Oils

CBD oil manufacturers often direct users to place it under the tongue and then swallow. Depending on the brand, the dose, potency, and price can vary. Dosing can start as low as 5 or 10 milligrams (mg).

A person should follow the manufacturer’s instructions closely.

 

FABCBD Oil

FABCBD Oil over green background

FABCBD offers CBD oils in different strengths and flavors. Customers can choose from vanilla, natural, berry, citrus, and mint flavors. Once the person has selected the flavor, they can choose the strength they want. They range from 300 mg to 2,400 mg.

The CBD oil is third-party tested. The company warns that high-strength options may cause positive drug test results.

This CBD oil:

  • contains less than 0.3% THC
  • comes from farms in Colorado
  • does not contain pesticides
  • is organic
  • is full-spectrum

The brand claims that its CBD oil may help with stress, focus, and recovery from exercise.

NuLeaf Naturals Oils

NuLeaf Naturals Oils over green background

NuLeaf Naturals offers a CBD oil with 60 mg/mL dosage, available in several sizes ranging from 300 to 6,000 mg.

After choosing the size, a person can then select the quantity, for example, a single bottle or a multipack of up to 6. Customers can purchase as many packs as they want.

NuLeaf oils are full-spectrum, organic, and a potent blend of CBD due to the extraction method. NuLeaf has an ISO certificate, which looks at quality standards.

Spruce Lab Grade CBD Oil

Spruce Lab Grade CBD Oil over green background

Spruce’s highest dose oil, the 2,400 mg Lab Grade CBD Oil, contains 80 mg of CBD per drop. The company warns it may cause a person to fail drug tests despite containing less than 0.3% THC levels.

Learn about high-strength CBD oil here.

The brand’s products are third-party tested and lab grade. They also claim their oil is:

  • 100% natural
  • pesticide-free
  • vegan
  • gluten-free
  • made in the U.S.
Gummies

Gummies contain an edible form of CBD and are available in different shapes, flavors, potencies, and prices. Lower doses tend to start around 5 mg.

People interested in using gummies should start at lower doses and work their way up to larger doses.

Since the FDA does not regulate CBD gummies, a person should use caution when selecting and consuming edible products. Look for products with third-party tests and lab results.

Learn more about hemp and CBD gummies here.

FABCBD CBD Gummies

FABCBD CBD Gummies over green background

FabCBD offers fruit-flavored CBD Gummies in daytime, anytime, and nighttime varieties. The day or anytime gummies contain CBD isolate, while the nighttime gummies contain broad-spectrum CBD.

The gummies are:

  • THC-free
  • vegan
  • non-GMO
  • gluten-free
  • farmed in Colorado
  • pesticide-free

The gummies are third-party laboratory tested. FABCBD claims these gummies may help with stress, clear thinking, and exercise recovery.

Medterra CBD Gummies

Medterra CBD Gummies isolated over green background

Medterra CBD gummies provide 25 mg of CBD per gummy. The brand offers different gummy varieties, including options designed to calm, aid sleep, promote alertness, and boost the immune system.

These gummies are:

  • 100% plant-based
  • do not contain added sugar
  • THC-free
  • grown in the U.S.
  • third-party lab tested

The company claims these gummies can remain effective for 6 to 8 hours after consumption.

CBDistillery Gummies

CBDistillery Gummies over green background

CBDistillery offers tropical fruit-flavored gummies for any time use. Each gummy contains 30 mg of hemp-derived broad-spectrum CBD and contains 0% THC.

These gummies are also:

  • non-GMO
  • kosher
  • vegan

CBDistillery gummies are third-party tested and ISO and U.S. Hemp Authority-certified.

Customers claim the gummies can help with mild or temporary anxiety, improve sleep, and aid recovery from physical activity.

Learn more about the CBDistillery brand here.

Topicals

Topicals are products that a person applies to the skin. Examples include CBD-infused creams, ointments, lotions, balms, and tinctures.

Potency varies between products. With most topical products, a person needs to rub the product into the desired area. A person should follow all manufacturer instructions when using CBD topicals.

Topicals often use carrier oils and other ingredients. People should make sure they are not allergic to any of the ingredients found in the topical lotions.

Learn more about CBD topicals here.

Joy Organics Organic CBD Salve

Joy Organics Organic CBD Salve over green background

Joy Organics offers several CBD products, including an organic CBD salve for topical use. The company claims it can help with dried and cracked skin and revitalize muscles and joints.

Joy Organics states its salve is:

  • THC-free
  • carbon-neutral
  • cruelty-free
  • organic

The salve is lab-tested. The lab analysis is available on the website.

A person can purchase a single container or sign up for a subscription service. Joy Organics offers a 100% money-back guarantee.

Plus CBD Cream

Plus CBD Cream over green background

Plus CBD cream combines CBD with vitamin Eterpenes, and fatty acids to help protect the skin. It is available in 150 mg strength.

A person needs to apply the cream liberally to dry skin. The cream may suit delicate areas such as the face. A lotion is also available, which may suit the rest of the body.

Plus CBD provides test results from a third-party lab for each batch of the cream.

Spruce Topical CBD Cream

Spruce Topical CBD Cream over green background

Spruce offers a topical CBD cream that a person can apply to their skin. The cream comes in 300 mg strength in a 2-ounce (oz) container.

Spruce claims that the ingredients are all-natural, using only plant-derived scents. Customers report that this cream may help relieve joint pain.

This cream is third-party tested and lab grade. It contains less than 0.3% THC and no pesticides.

Safety and health considerations

Scientists do not know much about the long-term safety of using CBD products. The FDATrusted Source warns that current data points to potential risks with taking CBD, which they are still investigating.

However, a review of studiesTrusted Source published in 2020 found that participants in studies generally tolerated CBD with minimal side effects. They also noted that potency and doses varied significantly between studies, making it difficult to determine the effective dose for conditions.

Side effects noted in different studies included:

  • tiredness
  • changes in weight or appetite
  • diarrhea

CBD may provide several health benefits. According to a 2018 studyTrusted Source, CBD may help with:

It is important to note that CBD is not a reliable treatment or cure for any of the above conditions. Research into CBD benefits and risks is ongoing.

Learn more about the potential benefits of CBD here.

The FDATrusted Source has only approved the use of one CBD product for treatment purposes. In 2018, they approved the use of Epidiolex to treat seizures in three different conditions. A person needs a valid prescription from their doctor to obtain the medication.

Learn more about Epidiolex here.

Summary

CBD is available in isolate, broad-spectrum, and full-spectrum varieties. Different product forms are available, including topicals, oils, gummies, and more.

The CBD industry is not regulated, which means a person needs to use caution when selecting the CBD product they want. People considering CBD products for treating health issues should speak to a doctor for advice and recommendations.

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